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Reproductive

TermDefinition
Progesterone endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species.
Estrogen the primary female sex hormone. It is responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics.
Ovulation the release of egg from the ovaries.
Implantation the attachment of the fertilized egg or blastocyst to the wall of the uterus at the start of pregnancy, often delayed in some mammals by several months.
Uterus the organ in the lower body of a woman or female mammal where offspring are conceived and in which they gestate before birth; the womb
Cervix the narrow passage forming the lower end of the uterus
Vagina the muscular tube leading from the external genitals to the cervix of the uterus in women and most female mammals
Testosterone a steroid hormone that stimulates development of male secondary sexual characteristics, produced mainly in the testes, but also in the ovaries and adrenal cortex
Fetus an unborn offspring of a mammal, in particular an unborn human baby more than eight weeks after conception
Vas deferens the duct which conveys sperm from the testicle to the urethra.
Semen the male reproductive fluid, containing spermatozoa in suspension
Oviduct/Fallopian tube the tube through which an ovum or egg passes from an ovary
Epididymis a highly convoluted duct behind the testis, along which sperm passes to the vas deferens
Placenta a flattened circular organ in the uterus of pregnant eutherian mammals, nourishing and maintaining the fetus through the umbilical cord
Menopause Ovaries stop producing reproductive hormones gradually, when women are in their 40's -50's.
Menstruation also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina.
Cleavage indentation of the cell's surface that begins the progression of cleavage, by which animal and some algal cells undergo cytokinesis, the final splitting of the membrane, in the process of cell division
Differentiation normal process by which a less specialized cell undergoes maturation to become more distinct in form and function.
Gestation the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside female
Embryo an unborn or unhatched offspring in the process of development, in particular a human offspring during the period from approximately the second to the eighth week after fertilization (after which it is usually termed a fetus)
Created by: MichelleU