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Reproduction Vocab

progesterone a steroid hormone released by the corpus luteum that stimulates the uterus to prepare for pregnancy.
estrogen hormones that are important for sexual and reproductive development
ovulation the release of an egg, or ovum
implantation the attachment of the fertilized egg to the uterine lining
uterus hollow muscular organ in female mammals in which the fertilized ovum normally becomes embedded and in which the developing embryo and foetus is nourished.
cervix the lower, narrow part of the uterus
vagina The lower part of the female reproductive tract that also moistens for childbirth
testosterone a sex hormone produced by the testes that encourages the development of male sexual characteristics,and stimulates the activity of the male secondary sex characteristics,
fetus The yet-to-be born mammalian offspring following the embryonic stage, and is still going through further development prior to birth.
vas deferens tube that connects the testes with the urethra.
semen ejaculate fluid produced by and released from the male reproductive organ.
oviduct/fallopian tube slender ducts in the female abdomen that transport ova from the ovary to the uterus and, in fertilization, transport sperm cells from the uterus to the released ova
epydidymis long, coiled tube that stores sperm and transports it from the testes
placenta a flattened circular organ in the uterus of pregnant mammals that nourishes and maintains the fetus through the umbilical cord
menopause The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop
menstruation the periodic shedding of the lining of a woman's uterus
cleavage The repeated division of a fertilized ovum, producing a cluster of cells with the same size as the original zygote.
differentiation the normal process by which a less specialized cell develops or matures to become more distinct in form and function.
gestation the time between conception and birth, other known as pregnancy
embryo an organism in early stages of development, before hatching from an egg
Created by: 1002281