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LS Brain

PLTW MD Section 2.4

TermDefinition
Frontal Lobe (Cerebrum) Carries out higher mental processes such as thinking, decision making, and planning
Parietal Lobe (Cerebrum) Processes sensory information that had to do with taste, temperature, and touch
Occipital Lobe (Cerebrum) Responsible for processing visual information from the eyes
Temporal Lobe (Cerebrum) Responsible for processing auditory information from the ears (hearing)
Brain Stem Carries out and regulates life sustaining functions such as breathing, swallowing and heart rate 
Cerebrum The largest part of the human brain, associated with higher brain function such as thought and action.
Cerebellum Coordinates voluntary movements such as posture, balance, coordination, and speech, resulting in smooth and balanced muscular activity.
Brain Stem Controls the flow of messages between the brain and the rest of the body, and it also controls basic body functions such as breathing, swallowing, heart rate, blood pressure, consciousness, and whether one is awake or sleepy.
Amygdalae Emotional processing, including the ability to recognize certain facial emotions (especially fear), and play a role in the formation of emotional memories.
Hippocampus Formation of new long-term memories, especially personal information and learn new facts: declarative (remembering facts), episodic (remembering past personal events) and relational (the ability to make associations between information).
Hypothallamus Responsible for controlling hunger, thirst, sleep and body temperature through the release of hormones, in conjunction with the pituitary gland.
Pituitary Gland The primary hormone secreting structure in the brain. In conjunction with the hypothalamus, it is responsible for controlling hunger, thirst, sleep, and body temperature.
Midbrain Part of the brainstem, and plays a primary role in sleep, arousal and temperature regulation, and motor control.
Thalamus The main relay through which incoming sensory information passes before being sent to the cerebral cortex, and also helps regulate alertness and sleep.
Basal Ganglia Involved in initiating voluntary movements, and are involved in the ability to learn particular sequences of movement (such as those needed to type).
Pons Part of the brainstem. Plays a role in controlling sleep, respiratory function, hearing, as well as motor control and touch in the region of the face.
Medulla Oblongata Part of the brainstem. Plays a major role in controlling cardiac and respiratory function.
Corpus Collasum Connects the right and left hemispheres of the brain
Pineal Gland A small, pea-shaped gland in the brain which produces and regulates some hormones, including melatonin. Melatonin is best known for the role it plays in regulating sleep patterns.
Central Nervous System The brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System Everything outside the brain and spinal cord
Somatosensory Relating to a sensation (such as pressure, pain, or warmth) which can occur anywhere in the body; in contrast to one localized at a sense organ (such as sight, balance, or taste)
Afferent Carry electrical impulses from the body to the spinal cord
Efferent Carry electrical impulse from the spinal cord to the body (ex. Muscles)
Created by: MrGross
 

 



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