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Module 5 Biology

Study Material from Reading Guide 1

QuestionAnswer
Nutrients need in large amounts are _______ nutrients. macro
Nutrients needed in small quantities are _______ nutrients. micro
The three main plant deficiencies. NPK
Yellowing that starts at the tip and moves along the center or older leave is a ______ deficiency. N
Conversion of nitrogen: from N2 to NH3 Nitrogen Fixation
Ammonium (NH4+) to nitrite (NO2-) to nitrate (NO3-) Nitrification
N2 (g) to ammonia (NH3) to ammonium (NH4+) Ammonification
A heterotrophic plant is also known as a ______ plant, since it has a nutritional adaptation. Carnivorous
_______ regularly consumes animals, plants, and algae. Omnivores
Amino acids, Fatty Acids, Vitamins, and Minerals are _______ ________ (2 words), substances that an animal requires but cannot assemble from simple organic molecules. Essential Nutrients
Cells take up small molecules such as amino acids and simple sugars Absorption
Few animals digest their food by ______ digestion. Intracellular
Animals with a relatively simple body plan typically have a ____- ____ (2 words) while other have a alimentary canal. gastrovascular cavity
First enzyme used in digestion of food, occurring where the tongue shapes the food into bolus. Salivary Amylase
Segment of the small intestine where most digestion occurs. Duodenum
Accessory gland with endocrine and exocrine functions. Pancreas
Made in the liver that aids in digestion and absorption of fats stored in the _______. Gallbladder
________ ________ (2 words) main function's is to recover water. Large Intestine
Portion of the large intestine with 4 segments. Colon
Portion of the large intestine with 2 sphincters that stores undigested material. Rectum
Site for glucose homeostasis. Liver
After consuming a carbohydrate rich meal the body insulin levels increase synthesizing ______. Glycogen