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Reproduction

Asexual and Sexual Reproduction

TermDefinition
Asexual Reproduction When the genes of a offspring come from a single parent. Identical to parent.
Sexual Reproduction When a male and female sex cell come together to form a unique organism.
Binary Fission Asexual reproduction where an organism splits in half. (Bacteria)
Fragmentation Asexual reproduction where an organism divides and generates to form a new organism. (Starfish)
Budding Asexual reproduction where a new cell grows off the side of an existing cell.
Parthenogenesis Asexual reproduction where an unfertilized egg cell grows into a new organism. (Whiptail lizard)
Fertilization When reproductive cells, the egg and sperm, join to form a zygote.
Gametes The sex cells in sexual reproduction, egg and sperm.
Internal reproduction Reproduction where the egg is fertilized inside of an organism. (humans)
External reproduction Reproduction where the egg is fertilized outside of an organism.
Self-pollination Occurs when an egg of a flower is fertilized by the pollen from the same flower.
Cross-pollination Occurs when an egg of a flower is fertilized by the pollen from another flower.
Asexual reproduction advantages Quick and doesn't require a mate.
Asexual reproduction disadvantages No mixed traits and is identical to the parent, so carries whatever disease the parent might get.
Sexual reproduction advantages More genetic variety and unique organism.
Sexual reproduction disadvantages Longer time to develop and requires 2 parents.
How are sex chromosomes labeled? X and Y
Created by: cook2sm