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Gr 7 Science Ch 3

Gr 7 Science Ch 3 Misc Review

QuestionAnswer
What is the anatomical name for throat? pharynx
What is the anatomical name for voice box? larynx
What is the anatomical name for windpipe? trachea
What is the anatomical name for "breathing muscle"? diaphragm
What are three types of movable joints? hinge joints, pivot joints, ball-and-socket joints
Which system accounts for more of your body weight than any other? muscular system
Name the four basic types of tissue epithelial, muscle, connective, nerve
Which cells are important for the long-term health of the body? all cells
At what point in your development were you distinctly recognizable as a miniature baby? seven weeks
When did your appearance become similar to what it would be at birth? five months
List, in order, the main types of blood vessels, beginning with those that carry blood away from the heart arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins
Which blood vessels connect directly to the heart chambers? venae cavae, pulmonary arteries, pulmonary veins, aorta
What is the function of venae cavae? transport blood from systemic circulation to the right atrium
What is the function of pulmonary arteries? transport blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
What is the function of pulmonary veins? returns blood from the lungs to the left atrium
What is the function of aorta? transports blood from the left ventricle to the rest of the body
What group of white blood cells contributes the most in the battle against pathogens? phagocytes
What are the main structures of the urinary system? kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
What is the primary function of kidneys? filter waste products and excess water from the blood, producing urine
What is the primary function of ureters? transfer urine from the kidneys to the bladder
What is the primary function of the bladder? stores urine
What is the primary function of the urethra? canal that discharges urine from the body
What are the main types of lymphocytes? B cells, helper T cells, killer T cells
What is the function of B cells? produce antibodies that attach tot he pathogen to mark the invader; become memory cells after the invasion
What is the function of helper T cells? activate B cells
What is the function of killer T cells? destroy infected cells to eliminate the intruder
What is the first section of the small intestine? duodenum
Which type of white blood cells matures in the thymus? B cells
Which structure controls simple reflexes? spinal cord
What portion of the body contains most of the vital organs? trunk
What gland is considered the "aster gland"? pituitary gland
What type of joints give the shoulders and hips their wide range of motion? ball-and-socket
Created by: mbrennan262