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Unit 4

Unit 4 flash cards

TermDefinition
Anaphase Spindle fibers pull the sister chromatids apart at the centromeres
Asexual Reproduction The production of offsp[ring by a single parent
Cell Plate Forms during cytokinesis in the plant cell, eventually forms the cell well
Cleavage Furrow The plasma membrane pinches in until the cytoplasm in divided into two equal parts
Cytokinesis The division of the cytoplasm into two separate cells
Daughter Cells Cells produced by mitosis
G1 (Growth 1) Cell increases in size and make proteins, the number of organelles double, new cytoplasm forms
G2 (Growth 2) Cell continues to grow
Metaphase Chromosomes line up at the cell’s center
Mitosis Parent cell divides into two daughter cells, each gets the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell
Mitosis occurs In skin cells, muscle cells, and other body cells
Parent Cell The original cell
Phases of Mitosis Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
Phases of the Cell Cycle Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis
Prophase Chromosomes become visible, nuclear membrane breaks down
Purpose of Mitosis To make new cells, to replace dead or damaged cells
Somatic Cells Body cells
S (Synthesis) Duplication of chromosomes, ensures each daughter cell has a copy of DNA
Stages of Interphase G1-S-G2
Telophase Chromosomes reach the opposite poles of the cell, nuclear membranes forms around the chromosomes at each pole
Created by: melanielocklear