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SubContinental India

Primary Economic Activities

Agriculture There are factors that influence the development of agriculture in regions. The Continental region I have studied is India, located in South Asia. Two factors that I will discuss are relief and climate in India today.
Relief The mountainous region of the large Northern mountains hinder agriculture in India. They are the world’s highest mountains with Mount Everest at their highest peak.
They are fold mountains that formed when the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates collided. The convergence of plates are still on-going, making earthquakes and landslides very common.
A lot of India’s agricultural output depends on drainage of melting snow from these tall mountains. The Indus-Ganges Plain is a low-lying area built up of river deposits.
It follows the Indus River Valley from Pakistan through the Ganges Valley and ends at the double delta of the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers in Bangladesh.
Fertile alluvium is deposited when high rainfall and the mountain melt waters cause torrential flooding. In these areas, rice fields are commonly grown.
Another physical area are the Southern Plateaus. The Deccan lava plateau was formed from volcanic eruptions. This plateau contains black soils that are used to grow cotton.
Climate The mountains on the coast, the western and eastern Ghats, trap many of the rain-bearing clouds and so have equilateral jungle vegetation. The land behind them is dry as they are in a rain shadow.
Farming in India is based on the arrival of the monsoon rains. There are only two seasons, one allows for cultivation of crops such as rice in the wet season and wheat in the dry season. Other crops include coffee, tobacco and spices.
In India, arable farming of cereals is the main type of agriculture. It is only in the high mountains and desert areas where conditions are not right for farming.
India, intensive subsistence farming is the main kind. By farming this way, people try and get enough food to feed themselves due to the intense poverty they live in.
Created by: Megan k