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Kennedy KP Cardio.

Circulatory System

TermDefinition
cardiovascular system a collection of organs that work together to transport materials to and from the cells of the body
parts of cardiovascular system heart, blood, blood vessels
parts of blood plasma, RBC's, WBC's, platelets
plasma fluid portion of the blood
red blood cells (RBC) most abundant cell in blood, carries oxygen using hemoglobin
white blood cells destroy pathogens (bacteria, virus)
platelets fragments of cells that create blood clots
heart muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body
parts of the heart right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, left ventricle
right atrium gets oxygen poor blood from the body
right ventricle sends oxygen poor blood to the lungs to get oxygen
left atrium gets oxygen rich blood from the lungs
left ventricle sends oxygen rich blood to the rest of the body & picks up carbon dioxide
blood vessels tubes that transport blood
artery blood vessel that carries blood away from heart
vein blood vessel that carries blood in to the heart
capillary smallest blood vessel, joins arteries and veins; gas exchange occurs here
pulmonary circulation circulation of blood between the heart and lungs
systemic circulation circulation of blood between the heart and the rest of the body
blood pressure the force exerted by blood on the inside walls of a blood vessel
exercise your cells need more oxygen so the heart beats faster
blood types A, B, AB, O
blood type AB universal recipient
blood type O universal donor
atherosclerosis fatty material builds up on the inside of blood vessels; can lead to heart attack
high blood pressure caused by atherosclerosis; overworks heart and blood vessels
Created by: akennedy76
 

 



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