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Climate/Weather

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
weather The short term changes in the air for a given place and time.
climate A set of weather conditions that exist in a particular region.
prevailing winds Winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of Earth.
ocean currents Movements of ocean water that flow in a steady direction
weather front A boundary of two air masses of different temperatures.When a front comes through, it usually changes weather, as the different air masses clash
monsoons Seasonal winds that bring either dry or moist air.
Seasons Created by the Earth's tilting on an axis
Fog A cloud that touches the ground.
Deep water currents Forms when ocean water flowing into Earth's cool regions (near the North and South poles) cools or freezes.
Upwelling currents This is affected by the Earth's rotation and seasonal winds.
Gulf Stream Current A major current in the Atlantic Ocean.
North Atlantic Current A warm water current that brings water from the Gulf Stream to northern Europe.
equator Gets more heat from the sun than any other part
revolves The Earth also____________________ around the sun.
rotates The Earth __________ on its axis.
East Australian current The Somali Current and the________________________ are two currents located in the oceans of the Eastern Hemisphere.
Warm surface currents Flow from Earth's tropic regions into northern waters.These currents are affected by atmospheric winds and the Earth's rotation.
Western boundary currents Warm, fast currents that flow from tropical to temperate regions.
Cold surface currents Flow from cooler regions toward the equator. They are affected by atmospheric forces.
Tornadoes These destructive, swirling wind funnels are a result of two different air masses colliding.
Hurricanes These storms form over the ocean, making states and countries near the coast most vulnerable to their destruction.
Mudslides These occur when rainfall loosens soil; the risk of mudslide is made worse by deforestation because tree roots help to keep the land secure.
elevations Higher ____________ tend to experience colder temperatures than lower ____________ located along the same latitude.
Currents Can be hot or cool and often affect the weather and living conditions of an area.
continent or country A _________________________________ can have a wide range of climates.
Created by: Stoll FMS