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Biochemistry

Biomolecules & Enzymes

TermDefinition
Functions of carbohydrates Quick Energy, makes up the cell wall of plants, structural support
Examples of Carbohydrates Anything with sugar - candy, pasta, rice, fruit, etc
Monomer of Carbohydrates monosaccharide (one glucose molecule)
The ratio of C, H, O in carbohydrates 1:2:1
The test used to test for carbohydrates Benedict's Solution
The test used to test for starches Iodine Test
Starches are long chains of monosaccharides linked together - known as ___________ polysaccharide
Functions of Lipids Store energy and insulation
The test used to test for lipids Brown paper bag test
The monomer for lipids fatty acid and glycerol
Examples of Lipids fats, oils, steroids, waxes
Functions of Proteins Transports, structure, acts as catalysts (enzyme)
Examples of Proteins meats, eggs, seafood, nuts, muscles, insulin, hemoglobin
Monomer for protein amino acids
The test used to test for proteins Biuret Reagent
Function of Nucleic Acids Encode genes
The monomer for nucleic acids nucleotide
Examples of nucleic acids DNA and RNA
Lock and Key complex describes __________ enzymes
The lock is the _________ active site
The key is the _________ substrate
What effects how an enzyme functions (3 facts)? pH, temperature, and inhibitors
If something is a sugar, it ends in _________ -ose
if something is an enzyme, it ends in _______ -ase
enzymes belong to which biomolecule proteins
A protein that speeds up a reaction is _______. enzyme
The reactants being built or broken down in a reaction substrate
The place on an enzyme where the substrate reacts active site
Created by: lwebber