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Mitosis Voc. List

TermDefinition
Mitosis The process where a single cell divides resulting in generally two identical cells, each containing the same number of chromosomes and genetic content as that of the original cell.
Cell cycle the cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell, consisting of interphase followed in actively dividing cells by prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase.
Cell division the division of a cell in reproduction or growth.
Replication reply or answer twice.
Chromatin the readily stainable of a cell nucleus, consisting of DNA, RNA, and various proteins, that forms chromosomes during the cell division.
Chromatid one of two identical chromosomal strands into which a chromosome splits longitudinally preparatory to cell division.
Chromosome a threadlike structure of nuclei acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes.
Centromere a specialized structure on the chromosome, appearing during cell division as the constricted central region where the two chromatids are held together and form an X shape.
Cytokinesis the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or meiosis,bringing about the separation into two daughter cells.
Centrioles a small, cylindrical cell organelle, seen near the nucleus in the cytoplasm of most of most eukaryotic cell, that divides in perpendicular fashion during mitosis.
Daughter nuclei the two nuclei that result from the division of a single nucleus,usually by mitosis.
Clone a cell, a product, or organism that is genetically identical to the unit or individual from which it was derived. B; a population of identical units,cells or individuals that derive from the same ancestral line.
Diploid (number) an organism or cell having double the basic haploid number of chromosomes.
Asexual Reprodcution a reproduction, as budding, fission, or spore formation, not involving the union of gametes.
Interphase the first process of cell cycle.
Cell plate a plate that develops at the midpoint between the two groups of chromosomes in a dividing cell and that is involved in forming the wall between the two new daughter cells.
Binary fission a type of asexual reproduction common among prokaryotes wherein a cell divides giving rise to two cells, each having the potential to grow to the size of the original cell.
Grafting insert (a shoot or twig) as a graft.
Cancer a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body.
Prophase the first stage of cell division, before metaphase, during which the chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids and the nuclear envelope disappears. The first prophase of meiosis includes the reduction division.
Created by: algelis