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Mitosis

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TermDefinition
Mitosis A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
Cell Cycle The growth and division of a cell.
Cell Division The division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same genetic material.
Replication The action of copying or reproducing something.
Chromatin is a macromolecule made up of DNA or RNA and proteins.
Chromatid is one-half of two identical copies of a replicated chromosome.
Chromosome They carry the genetic information. Chromosomes are made up of DNA and protein combined as chromatin
Centromere is the structure in a chromosome that holds together the two chromatids
Cytokinesis the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or meiosis,bringing the separation into two daughter cells
Centrioles a small cell organelle seen near the nucleus in the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells
Daughter Nuclei The two nuclei that result from the division of a single nucleus
Clone Is an identical copy to a cell or organism.
Diploid(number) is a cell that contains two sets of chromosomes.
Asexual Reproduction A type of reproduction in which the offspring comes from a single organism.
Interphase is the resting phase of successive mitotic cell division.
Cell Plate is the structure found inside the dividing cells of plants and some algae.
Binary Fission The fully grown parent cell splits into two halves, producing two new cells. After replicating its genetic material, the parent cell divides into two equal sized daughter cells.
Grafting A portion of body tissue that is surgically removed from the donor, and then is implanted or transplanted usually to replace damaged tissue in the person's body.
Cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell division and is made up of abnormal cells.
Prophase is the first stage of cell division during which the chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids. Then the nucleolus and nuclear membrane disappear
Created by: kwilliams5
 

 



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