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Mitosis

TermDefinition
mitosis The process in cell division by which the nucleus divides, consisting of four stages, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase, and normally resulting in two new nuclei, each of which contains a complete copy of the parental chromosomes.
cell cycle a series of events that take place in a cell leading to duplication of its DNA
cell division division of a cell into two daughter cells with the same genetic material
replication The process of duplicating or producing an exact copy of a cell
chromatin material that is made up of DNA and RNA that you find in chromosomes
chromatid one-half of two identical copies of a replicated chromosome
chromosome A structure in all living cells that consists of a single molecule of DNA bonded to various proteins and that carries the genes determining heredity.
centromere the middle region of a chromosome that connects the two chromatids
cytokinesis the splitting of the cytoplasm
centrioles part of the cell that turns into spindle fibers to pull apart the chromatids in metaphase
daughter nuclei two nuclei that result from the division of a single nucleus
clone cell or cells that is produced asexually from and is genetically identical to a single ancestor.
diploid (number) a cell that consists of two sets of chromosomes. 2(n)
asexual reproduction type of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only
interphase the resting phase between successive mitotic divisions of a cell
cell plate a plate that develops at the midpoint between the two groups of chromosomes in a dividing cell and that is involved in forming the wall between the two new daughter cells
binary fission a type of asexual reproduction wherin a cell divides giving rise to two cells.
grafting technique done by scientists to attach tissue of one plant to another
cancer disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably
prophase first stage of mitosis in which the chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids and the nuclear membrane disappears
Created by: 1002281
 

 



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