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Oncology-Alison Miles

Lymphoma cancer that affect lymphatic system
2 types of Lymphoma Hodgkin's, Non-Hodgkin's
Hodgkin's onset age 15-40 and then older than 55; Reed-Sternberg cells, orderly growth; MORE curable
Non-Hodgkin's peak after age 50; 30 subtypes, NO Reed-Sternberg cells, B and T cell origins; Mets common; LESS curable
Reed-Sternberg cells have Multi-nuclei
Lymphoma treated with radiation, chemo, bone marrow transplant, immunotherapy w/monoclonal antibodies (tumor fighting antibodies)
Brain Tumors named for cell type and area of the brain; 50% malignant; Gliomas are most common
Gliomas tumors that originate in neuroglia & the brain or spinal cord
Brain Tumor treatment surgical removal; limited radiation; some chemo; diurrhetic to lower BP; dim lights & sound; limit visitors, fluids; give oxygen
GI Tract Cancer many develop from benign adenomas; approx. 75% develop in sigmoid colon and rectum; genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors contribute
Liver Cancer RARELY begins in the liver; chemo is main treatment, but usually considered palliative treatment
Pancreas Cancer FATAL-usually less than 1 yr; vague symptoms, look at BP
Pancreatic Cancer Signs and symptoms in head of pancreas, include pain, jaundice, weight loss, N/V, and diarrhea; in center and tail, GI bleed or back pain; quickly spreads to duodenum, stomach, spleen & left adrenal gland
Pancreatic Cancer treatment if cancer is in head, surgery may be an option; radiation and chemo may prolong life
Kidney Cancer 3% of all cancer; may reach CONSIDERABLE size before detection; not responsice to chemo or radiation; radiation may be palliative measure
Kidney Cancer signs and symptoms anemia, weakness, weight loss; Gross hematuria (blood in urine) and flank pain are late signs
Kidney Cancer treatment nephrectomy (removal of kidney), NOT responsive to chemo or radiation; radiation may be palliative measure only
Bladder Cancer mostly men 50-70 yrs old
Bladder Cancer risk factors cigarette smoking & exposure to rubber and cable chemicals
Bladder Cancer signs and symptoms painless intermittent hematuria, bladder irritability & infections; UTIs
Bladder Cancer treatment partial or total cystectomy--may require urostomy; chemotherapy
Bone Cancer abnormal osteoblast or myeloblast (marrow cells), exhibit rapid and uncontrolled growth; usually located around knee in distal femur or proximal fibula
Bone Cancer signs and symptoms pathological break, limp or abnormal gait; usually the tumor has already spread
Bone Cancer treatment amputation, chemotherapy, radiation
Endometriosis female organ cancer; endometrial cells migrate out of uterus & attach to other organs in pelvic cavity
Endometriosis characteristics builds & bleeds like tissue w/in the uterus, causing pain and local inflammation; considered benign uterine growth
Endometriosis complications obstruction of organs in pelvic area (bladder, bowel, urethra)
Endometriosis treatment drugs that decrease endometrionic growth, laparoscopy, ***hysterectomy***
C Change in bowel or bladder
A A lesion that does not heal
U Unusual bleeding or discharge
T Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere
I Indigestion or difficulty swallowing
O Obvious changes in wart or mole
N Nagging cough or persistent hoarseness
Created by: txladybug70