Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Cardiac I

Pharmocology Cardiac Meds

Risk Factors of Hypertension Family history of hypertension Advanced age African-American race Obesity Inactivity Cigarette smoking Excessive salt intake Excessive alcohol intake
Beta-1 receptor sites are located primarily in the HEART
Beta-2 receptor sites are located primarily in the LUNGS
Thiazide diuretics Usually the first choice to treat hypertension Lose fluid—decrease preload—BP falls Think about electrolytes! Cross-sensitivity to sulphonamides
Selective Aldosterone Blockers Spironolactone Eplerenone Pharmacotherapeutics Treatment of hypertension alone or with other antihypertensives
Aldosterone Blockers Pharmacodynamics Selective binding to mineralocorticoid receptors preventing aldosterone from binding to its receptor sites Inhibition of sodium and water retention (pt loses Na and H2O) These drugs are also potassium-sparing diuretics
Selective Aldosterone Blockers Hyperkalemia, hyponatremia Dizziness Drug Interactions Most ACE inhibitors, ARBs, or CYP3A4 potent inhibitors St. John’s wort Grapefruit juice
ACE Inhibitors Examples: Captopril (prototype) Lisinopril Enalapril (can also be IV) Accupril Ramipril Pharmacotherapeutics Treatment of hypertension Preload reduction heart failure Cardioprotective following MI
Adverse Effects of ACEI Inhibitors Chronic dry cough (sometimes disappears after a few months) First-dose hypotension Angioedema GI distress Reflex tachycardia Hyperkalemia
ACEI N.B. African-American patients have less therapeutic response than Caucasians to ACEI and are more likely to have adverse effects.
Minimizing Adverse Effects Monitoring for at least 2 hours after initial dose-make sure the patient is sitting or reclining. Monitoring serum electrolyte levels (can increase K+). No K+ supplements NORMAL K+: 3.5-5.0
ACE Inhibitors All ACEI carry a Black Box warning for the second and third trimesters of pregnancy—can cause injury or even death to a developing fetus.
Created by: kai.f0201



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards