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Cell Division

Ch 10, section 1 - Cell Division (mitosis)

QuestionAnswer
the process by which cells increase in number (one cell splits into two) cell division
stage of growth in the cell cycle, also the stage at which DNA and organelles duplicate interphase
series of major events in a cells life - growth, division, growth, division... cell cycle
the process of dividing the nucleus of a cell into two genetically identical nuclei mitosis
division of the rest of the cell besides the nucleus, final part of cell division (but happens during anaphase and telophase) cytokinesis
stage of mitosis in which chromosomes form, nuclear envelope breaks down and spindle starts to form prophase
stage of mitosis in which chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell, which spindle attached from centromeres to centrioles metaphase
stage of mitosis in which duplicated chromosomes split at the centromeres and spindle shortens, pulling them to opposites sides of the cell anaphase
stage of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear envelopes reform, and spindle breaks down telophase
A densely packed rod or X shaped body composed of DNA that can be seen in a nucleus during mitosis chromosome
What four stages make up mitosis? prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Loosely packed mass of DNA in the nucleus of a cell during interphase chromatin
hereditary material making up chromosomes; a long twisted molecule DNA
pair of tubular structures that anchor the spindle in animal cells during mitosis centrioles
protein tubes that assist movement of chromosomes during mitosis spindle fibers
What are the two main phases in cell division? mitosis then cytokinesis
A structures that forms during cytokinesis in plant cells to divide the cell in two; the cell wall forms from it cell plate
what does duplicate mean? to double
Why do cells divide? make more cells for growth, make more cells for healing or regeneration, to make more cells that we need (blood, skin, immune, etc), and for asexual reproduction
Created by: jenhaugen01