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genetic and heredity

genetics is the study of heredity and genes
heredity the passing of genetic traits from parent to off spring
characteristics is a feature that has different forms in a population
traits the different form of a characteristic
dominant traits the trait observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred
recessive traits a trait that reappears in the second generation when parents with different traits are bred
ratio is a relationship between 2 different numbers that is often expressed as a fraction
genes one step of instructions for an inherited trait
allele one of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristics such as hair color
phenotype an organism appearance or other detectable characteristics
genotype the entire genetic makeup of an organism also the combination of genes for one or more specific traits
homozygus (traits) a plant with 2 dominant or 2 recessive alleles
hetrozygous a plant that has the genotype
punnett square square diagram that is used to predict the genotypes of a particular cross or breeding
probability a likelyhood or chance for a event to happen
gregor mendel father of genetics and heredity
Created by: 12259168