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science ch 8

TermDefinition
Archaea Domain prokaryote domain of single celled microorganisms
Bacteria Domain prokaryote domain of single celled bacterium
biofilm a colony of prokaryotes that is stuck to a surface
cyanobacteria photosynthetic bacteria
flagellum (flagella, plural) Most prokaryotes have one or more long, thin "whips"
genetic transfer the exchange of plasmids
plasmid small circular independent DNA molecule
antibiotic resistance They have evolved traits that make them resistant to one or more antibiotic drugs
bacteria (bacterium, singular) prokaryotes in the Bacteria Domain
pathogen Any organism that causes disease
vector an organism that spreads bacteria or other pathogens
archaean prokaryotes in the Archaea Domain
extremophile organisms that live in extreme conditions
methanogen a methane-producing bacterium especially an archaean which reduces carbon dioxide to methane
antibiotic drug These drugs kill bacteria and may quickly cure the disease
Created by: tmanfred