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DNA vocab 1

DNA Structure and Replication

TermDefinition
Adenine A (base)
Cytosine C (base)
Guanine G (base)
Thymine T (base)
Hydrogen Complementary base-pairs are held together with ______ bonds
Deoxyribose part of DNA backbone connected to the base (nucleotide part)
Phosphate part of nucleotide and DNA Backbone/ connects two sugars together
Purines Double-ringed bases
Pyrimidines Single-ringed bases
Nucleotide monomer that makes up DNA
Helicase Enzyme that unwinds DNA strands in replication
DNAPolymerase Enzyme that constructs and proofreads the new strands of DNA in replication
Complementary The consistent pairing of A--T and G--C is known as the ________________ base-pairing rules
Franklin The scientist(s) that determined the double helix shape using X-Ray diffraction
WatsonandCrick The scientist(s) that determined the structure of DNA in 1953
doublehelix The shape that DNA normally exists in
Created by: craigfry