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CNA

CHAPTER 16 KEY TERMS - A

TermDefinition
24-hour urine specimen a urine specimen consisting of all urine voided in a 24-hour period.
calculi kidney stones that form when urine crystallizes in the kidneys.
catheter a thin tube inserted into the body to drain or inject fluids.
chronic renal failure condition that occurs when the kidneys cannot eliminate certain waste products from the body; also called chronic kidney failure.
condom catheter catheter that has an attachment on the end that fits onto the penis; also called an external or “Texas” catheter.
Cystitis inflammation of the bladder.
Double-voided a urine specimen collected after first emptying bladder and then waiting until another specimen can be collected; also called fresh-fractional.
Functional incontinence urine loss caused by things outside the urinary tract.
hat in health care, a collection container that can be inserted into a toilet to collect and measure urine or stool.
indwelling catheter a type of catheter that remains inside the bladder for a period of time; urine drains into a bag.
Insulin substance body needs to convert glucose into energy.
Ketones chemical substances produced when body burns fat for energy or fuel; produced when not enough insulin to help body use sugar for energy.
kidney dialysis an artificial means of removing the body’s waste products.
Leg bags small catheter bags that attach to the leg and catch urine.
Mid-stream specimen the first and last urine is not included in the sample, also called clean-catch specimen.
Mixed incontinence combination of both urge and stress urine loss.
nephritis an inflammation of the kidneys.
portable commode a chair with a toilet seat and a removable container underneath; also called a bedside commode.
Reagent strips used to test for such things as pH level, glucose, ketones, blood, and specific gravity; also called dip sticks.
renovascular hypertension a condition in which a blockage of arteries in the kidneys causes high blood pressure.
routine urine specimen a urine specimen that can be collected any time a person voids.
Specific gravity test performed to measure the concentration of particles in the urine; also called urine density. Ordered to check kidney function.
specimen a sample that is used for analysis in order to try to make a diagnosis.
straight catheter a catheter that does not remain inside the person; it is removed immediately after urine is drained.
Stress incontinence loss of urine due to sneezing, laughing, or coughing.
Urge incontinence involuntary voiding from a sudden urge to void.
urinary incontinence the inability to control the bladder, which leads to an involuntary loss of urine.
urinary tract infection (UTI) inflammation of the bladder and the ureters that results in a painful burning during urination and the frequent feeling of needing to urinate; also called cystitis.
urination the act of passing urine from the bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body; also known as micturition or voiding.
Urine straining process of pouring all urine through a fine filter to catch any particles.
Created by: cindymiller
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