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Unit 1 Vocabulary from the EL Curriculum

gist the general or basic meaning of something said or written
fish depletion to greatly reduce the amount of fish
unravel to fail or begin to fail
cormorants a type of dark-colored bird that has a long neck and that eats fish that it catches in the ocean
Industrial Revolution the major social and economic changes that occurred in Britain, Europe, and the U.S. in the late 18th and early 19th centuries when new machinery, new sources of power, and new ways of manufacturing products were developed
generation A group of living things that have the same parents; also, a single stage in a family’s history.
biologically of or relating to biology or to life and living processes
various having a number of different aspects or characteristics
variations Difference of animal/plant from normal type... Variation results from each living thing has its own unique genetic makeup. Evolution - variation assures range of characteristics, some of which may be better adapted for survival in a changing environment.
evolved past tense: to undergo evolutionary change
evolution The process of gradual change and development of all kinds of living things through the ages. Charles Darwin developed the theory.
interconnected joined or related
origin BIOLOGY. The source or ancestor of an organism or group of organisms.
dominate to have or exert mastery, control
idly without much thought, effort or attention
thus synonym: therefore
elaborate to add to the interest of by including made-up details OR to express more fully and in greater detail
voraciously having a huge appetite
revolting extremely offensive
adapt To change in ways that help a living thing to better survive in its surroundings. [Adapt comes from a Latin word meaning “to fit.”]
eliminated to put an end to or get rid of
abundant existing or occurring in large amounts
minuscule very small
tendency leaning towards a particular kind of thought or action
unforeseen not anticipated or expected
ecosystem A small area or community in which each living thing is in balance with its environment. Examples: Ponds, seashore, meadows, and forests
aquatic species An animal, either vertebrate or invertebrate, which lives in the water for most or all of its lifetime
polyp ZOOLOGY. A kind of small water animal attached at the bottom of its column-shaped body, with a mouth and small food-gathering tentacles at the other end. Polyps often grow in colonies and include corals, sea anemones, and hydras.
reproduce To produce offspring.
colony A group of the same animals, such as seals or ants, living together in the same area. Also, a grouping of bacteria or other microorganisms growing on a culture plate in a laboratory. [comes from the Latin word meaning “an inhabitant” or “settler.”]
organism Any living thing.
culprit one guilty of a crime or a fault
extinct Any kind of animal or plant that no longer exists.
trawler a fishing boat used for trawling, a method of fishing that involves pulling a fishing net through the water behind one or more boats.
coined invent or devise (a new word or phrase).
biodiversity The number and variety of plants, animals, and other living organisms found in a specific geographic region.
inhabit To live in a particular place.
unprecedented never done or known before.
decline become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease.
illustrate provide (a book, newspaper, etc.) with pictures OR explain or make (something) clear by using examples, charts, pictures, etc.
glaciers a slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles.
exposition a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory.
cataclysm a large-scale and violent event in the natural world
genetic relating to genes or heredity
deposit An earth material dropped by moving ice (glaciers), water, or wind. Glaciers deposit rocks and other materials on the ground when they melt.
grave a place of burial for a dead body, typically a hole dug in the ground and marked by a stone or mound
cooperation the process of working together to the same end
vertebrates an animal of a large group distinguished by the possession of a backbone or spinal column, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
invertebrates an animal lacking a backbone
krill a small shrimplike planktonic crustacean of the open seas. It is eaten by a number of larger animals, notably the baleen whales.
industry economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories
productive creating a significant amount or result
sail power A sail is a structure—made from fabric or other membrane materials—that uses wind power to propel a boat
innovations the action or process of creating something new
fishing territories Area-based fishing rights
beam trawler a fishing boat used for trawling, a method of fishing that involves pulling a fishing net through the water behind one or more boats - This net is spread open by a BEAM
efficient productive of desired effects
advantages benefit resulting from some course of action
well boats a boat having a well in which fish or lobsters can be kept alive
technological a manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods, or knowledge
teeming to become filled to overflowing
boon a timely benefit
lucrative producing wealth
point of view a position or perspective from which something is considered or evaluated
myth a traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
bounty a sum paid for killing or capturing a person or animal
misconception a view or opinion that is incorrect because based on faulty thinking or understanding.
indestructible can't be destroyed
Darwinism the theory of the evolution of species by natural selection advanced by Charles Darwin.
posthumously after the death of the person in question
refuted to prove wrong by argument or evidence
influential exerting or possessing influence
promoting to advance in station, rank, or honor
anatomy The science of the structure of animals and plants.
staunch loyal and committed in attitude
commissions a group of persons directed to perform some duty
class The grouping together of plants, animals, or other objects with similar qualities. In one classification that is widely used, living things are grouped into five kingdoms
unobservant not watchful or attentive
avocations a subordinate occupation pursued in addition to one's vocation especially for enjoyment : HOBBY
contempt the feeling that a person or a thing is beneath consideration, worthless, or deserving scorn
preservation the activity or process of keeping something valued alive, intact, or free from damage or decay
interfering to enter into or take a part in the concerns of others
objecting say something to express one's disapproval of or disagreement with something.
diminution the act, process, or an instance of becoming gradually less (as in size or importance)
exhaustion to consume entirely : USE UP
scarce not plentiful or abundant
convey to transfer or deliver (can be words or something tangible)
infer to derive as a conclusion from facts or premises
politics the activities associated with the governance of a country or other area, especially the debate or conflict among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power.
compensates give (someone) something, typically money, in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury incurred; recompense.
foreigners a person born in or coming from a country other than one's own.
rational based on or in accordance with reason or logic.
neglected suffering a lack of proper care.
Viking any of the Scandinavian seafaring pirates and traders who raided and settled in many parts of northwestern Europe in the 8th–11th centuries.
lava-encrusted having a thin coating of lava
debate to make a prepared argument
intensified to increase or escalate
economy the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services.
Created by: Hawthorne_AIG
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