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HS Music Theory

Concepts and terms discussed in high school music theory will be included.

TermDefinition
Harmony Vertical organization of musical tones.
Timbre Characteristic sound quality; tone color.
Melody A sequence of musical tones perceived as a coherent line.
Interval The distance between two notes.
Triad A stacked chord that has three members- the root, the third, and the fifth.
Seventh Chord A chord that has the root, the third, the fifth, and the seventh.
Cadence The ending of a musical phrase.
Figured Bass A system where chords are indicated by figures below the staff; popular in baroque music.
Natural Minor Scale A major scale with a lowered third, sixth, and seventh.
Harmonic Minor Scale A minor scale with a raised seventh scale degree.
Melodic Minor Scale A minor scale with a raised sixth and seventh going up and a lowered sixth and seventh coming down.
Diatonic Includes notes that are in the key, without any alterations.
Chromatic Scale A scale that includes a series of twelve adjacent tones.
Non Chord Tones Any notes that do not belong to the underlying harmony. Examples include passing tone, neighboring tone, suspension, and escape tone.
Roman numeral Analysis A way to analyze chords using Roman numerals. The Roman numerals are directly related the chord tones built on specific scale degrees in the key.
Created by: mdavidcoffey1999