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Science-Energy Quiz

QuestionAnswer
Potential Stored energy and the energy of a position (gravitational)
Kinetic The motion of waves, electrons, atoms, molecules, and substances
Energy stored in the bonds between atoms Example:gasoline or food Chemical Energy
Energy stored in the nucleus of an atom Example:plutonium atom Nuclear Energy
Energy stored in objects by the application of force Examples:stretched out rubber bands Elastic Energy
Energy of a place or position Example:top of a slide Gravitational Potential Energy
Electromagnetic energy that travels in transverse waves Example:light or x-ray Radiant Energy
Heat or internal energy of a substance Example:heat from a fire Thermal Energy
Movement of a substance from one place to another Example:moving water or wind Mechanical Energy
Movement of energy through substances in longitudinal waves Example:echoes or music Sound Energy
Movement of electrons Example:lightning or electricity Electrical Energy
Which forms of energy are potential? Chemical Nuclear Elastic Gravitational Potential
Which forms of energy are kinetic? Radiant Thermal Mechanical Sound Electrical
Energy sources that are replenished in a short period of time Renewable Energy Sources
Energy sources are limited since it takes a very long time to replenish their supply Nonrenewable Energy Sources
Energy that comes from moving air Wind
Energy that come from heat from within the Earth Geothermal
Energy that comes from the force of water Hydropower
Energy that comes from the sun Solar
Energy that comes from any organic matter Example:wood, crops, or yard waste Biomass
Energy that comes from a solid, black fossil fuel formed from the remains of plants that lived and died millions of years ago Coal
Energy that comes from a colorless, odorless, fossil fuel made mostly of methane Natural Gas
Energy that comes from a fossil fuel that looks like a blank liquid Petroleum
Energy that comes from a fossil fuel refined from natural gas and petroleum. Can used to fuel grills Propane
Energy that is the fossil fuel used by most nuclear power plants During nuclear fission, atoms are split apart to form smaller atoms, which releases energy Uranium
Which sources for energy are renewable? Wind Geothermal Hydropower Solar Biomass
Which sources for energy are nonrenewable? Coal Natural gas Petroleum Propane Uranium
Created by: 320717