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cells

TermDefinition
Ribosomes Makes proteins
Nucleus Control center of the cell
mitochondria bean-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and has its own ribosomes and DNA.
cell wall A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms.
DNA genetics
RNA ribonucleic acid
Mitosis part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleus divides
Meiosis Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
Photosynthesis Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
cellular respiration Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
Osmosis Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
permeable Able to be passed or soaked through
Semi-permeable membranes that allow some substances through but not others
Multicellular Consisting of many cells
Unicellular Made of a single cell
Cytoskeleton A network of fibers that holds the cell together, helps the cell to keep its shape, and aids in movement
Organelle A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
Golgi body A structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell.
Eukarytic cell contents are membrane bound- plants, animals, fungi, & protists
Nucleolus Makes ribosomes
Vacuoles Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates
Endoplasmic Reticulum A cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another.
Lysosome An organelle containing digestive enzymes
Tissue A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
cell membrane A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell.
prokaryotic cell A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles; found only in the domains Bacteria and Archaea.
Vesicle A small cavity or sac that contains materials in a eukaryotic cell
Organ A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
Chlorophyll A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria
Cytoplasm A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
Mitochondria Powerhouse of the cell
Chloroplast An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs
Created by: enadiavarner