Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

GU SYSTEM med-surg


What is urolithiasis? Presence of calculi (stones) in the urinary tract.
Calculi (Stones) are composed of? Calcium oxalate & Calcium phosphate
What are some causes of stone formation? Stasis, retention, immobility, dehydration
What are some surgical treatments for Urolithiais? Stenting, Retrograde ureteroscopy, Percutaneous ureterlithotomy
What are some NON-surgical treatments for Urolithiasis? Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWC) [sounds, laser, shockwave to break up stones]
Define Kegel exercises? Tighten pelvic muscles
What does incontinent urinary diverson mean? And What type of surgery is used? Urine leaves the body in a different manner. Surgery = ileum conduit
Complications of UTI Urethral obstruction, pyelonephritis, CRF, urosepsis, septic shock, death
Treatment for UTI Increase Fluids & Antibiotics
MEDS Antibiotics for UTI fluoroquinolones (CIPRO), nitrofurantoin (MACROBID), sulfonamides (BACTRIM, SEPTRA)
What is Nephrotic syndrome? the excretion of 3.5g or more of protein in the urine per day *large amounts of protein are lost in the urine
Complications of Nephrotic syndrome impaired immune function, nutritional imbalances, increased blood coagulation
What is Nephrosclerosis? thickening & hardening of he renal blood vessel.
s/s of Nephrosclerosis Proteinuria, hyaline casts in urine, renal failure
Treatment for nephrosclerosis reduce BP & treat hypertension. *place PT on LOW SODIUM diet*
What is Diabetic Nephropathy? *MOST COMMON CAUSE OF RENAL FAILURE* begins with increased osmotic pressure due to hyperglycemia.
Diagnostic Tests for Diabetic Nephropathy Serum creatinine level 24H creatinine clearance test *Watch onet protein spillage or microalbuminuria (proteins in urine)
Treatment for Diabetic nephropathy *restrict PROTEIN diet* Kidney or kidney-pancreas transplant (Due to renal failure - PT needs dialysis to maintain life)
Created by: kealeym
Popular Nursing sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards