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transport

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Alveoli; tiny thin-walled structure where gas exchange occurs in the lungs.
Nephron (s); individual filtering unit of the kidney that removes wastes from the blood.
Deoxygenated; poor oxygen blood carried through veins except for the pulmonary veins.
Oxygenated; rich oxygen blood carried through the arteries except for the pulmonary arteries.
Valve(s); flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward into a blood vessel or heart chamber.
Septum; a partition that separates the two upper chambers of the heart.
Artery; Thick wall blood vessel that transports blood away from the heart.
Vein(s) thin, elastic, walls and have valves return blood to heart. ( large blood vessels that carries blood from the rest of the body to the heart.)
Capillary ; tiny, thin walls, Diffusion.
Ventricle(s); large chamber in the heart that receives blood from an atrium and pumps blood to the rest of the body.
Atrium (atria); small chamber in the human heart that receives blood from the veins.
Pulse; is a high and low pressure that can be found in the arteries when the left ventricle contracts and relaxes.
Lymphocyte(s); white blood cell that plays a role in an immune response ( B cell and T cell)
Antibody; protein produced by B cells that helps destroys pathogens.
Plasma; ( liquid 55% of the blood) clear yellowish fluid about 90% water that suspends cells in the blood.
Immunity (passive/active); active immunity is when the body produces its own antibodies, passive immunity is when the antibody is given to a person from blood or other body fluid.
Platelets; ;( it helps to CLOT the blood) cell fragment that is produced in the bone narrow and is important for blood clotting.
Antigen; foreign substance that brings about an immune response.
Agglutination; is the process that occurs if an antigen is mixed with its corresponding antibody.
Pathogen; agent that causes diseases.
Vena cava; is the largest vein of the body.
Aorta; is the largest artery of the body.
Created by: 1008562