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Kennedy KP Q2 Review

Kennedy Quarter 2 Review

TermDefinition
passive transport particles move through cells from an area of high concentration to low concentration- no energy required
active transport particles move through cells from an area of low concentration to high concentration- requires energy
endocytosis large particles enter the cell
exocytosis large particles exit the cell
photosynthesis process by which plants capture light energy and use it to make food for the cell
photosynthesis reactants carbon dioxide, water + sunlight
photosynthesis products glucose and oxygen
cellular respiration process by which the cell uses food (consumed or produced) and converts it into energy
cellular respiration reactants glucose and oxygen
cellular respiration products carbon dioxide, water and ATP
mitosis six stage process by which eukaryotic cell divides to make more cells
step of mitosis interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokinesis
fossil solidified remains of once living organisms
natural selection process by which organisms with favorable traits survive and reproduce at a greater rate
stages of natural selection overproduction, genetic variation, struggle to survive, successful reproduction
extinction species dies out completely because they don't have the resources or adaptations to survive
adaptations characteristics that help organisms survive and reproduce in its environment
vestigial structures remains of once useful structures in organisms
7 levels of classification kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
taxonomy the science of classifying organisms
classification a system of organizing things into groups based on shared characteristics and evolutionary relationships
Carolus Linneaus founded the modern system of taxonomy
binomial nomenclature scientific naming; organisms named by their genus and species
dichotomous key tool that uses pairs of statements to determine the identity of unknown organisms
six kingdoms plant, animal, fungus, protist, eubacteria, archaebacteria
animal kingdom includes humans, lions, butterflies etc.; consumers
plant kingdom includes flowers, trees, grass etc.; producers
fungus kingdom includes mold, mushrooms; decomposers
protist kingdom includes amoeba, euglena, paramecium; can be plant-like, animal- like or fungus-like
eubacteria kingdom most common type of bacteria; live in mild conditions
archaebacteria kingdom bacteria that live in extreme conditions
amoeba protist that uses pseudopods for movement
euglena protist that uses flagellum for movement
paramecium protist that uses cilia for movement
Created by: akennedy76