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8th Grade Heredity

The process by which cells divide is called ________________. Mitosis
What are cells? Cells are the smallest unit of life. ALL living things are made of cells.
A smaller part of a cell that has a specific function is _________________. Organelle
During sexual reproduction, the offspring inherit their traits from _______________. both parents
The cells in the root of an onion divide to increase the number of cells through a process called __________. mitosis
The ___________is the semi-permeable barrier that separates inside of cell from external environment. cell membrane
The jelly-like substance enclosed in cell membrane where organelles are found is called _____________. cytoplasm
Most organisms contain two alleles for each gene. Which statement is true about these alleles? The alleles may or may not be identical to one another.
The nuclear membrane is____________. The barrier between the nucleus and cytoplasm.
Asexual organisms __________. produce a new organism from a single parent
How many copies of each sister chromosome are allocated to each daughter cell during mitosis? 1
What is found inside the nuclear membrane, controls the activities of the cell, & and contains genetic material (DNA)? nucleus
The division of a parent cell results in two daughter cells, each with a genetic makeup __________ that of the parent cell. equivalent to
Which of the following is an individual adaptation to an organism's biotic and or abiotic environment? habituation to a non-significant environmental stimulus
How many chromosomes does the human genome contain? 46
During __________ reproduction, an identical copy of the parent is produced. asexual
Which of the following shows the correct order of the cell cycle? interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis
The genetic material within the nucleus is found in strands called __________. chromatin
What are the characteristics of an organism? it grows, develops, reproduces, and reacts to its environment
What is Sir Isaac Newton known for? Laws of Motion
What is Dmitri Mendleev known for? First periodic table
What is Francis Bacon known for? Scientific Method
What is Charles Darwin known for? Theory of Natural Selection
What is Rosalind Franklin know for? DNA structure
What is a neatly packed strands of DNA that contain all the genetic information of an organism? Chromosome
Created by: rakhi.kanwar