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Heat and Temperature

Word definitions

TermDefinition
Fusion Change from a solid to a liquid (melting)
Solidification Change from a liquid to a solid (freezing)
Sublimation A change in state when a gas changes directly to a solid or a solid changes directly to a gas
Kelvin scale A scale used for measuring temperatures in scientific experiments; on the Kelvin scale
Celsius scale The most common scale for measuring temperature
Temperature A relative measure of how hot or cold something is; the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance
Thermal energy The energy generated by the movement or vibration of particles; the total kinetic energy of all the particles in a substance
Evaporative cooling A process in which the faster-moving particles on the surface of a liquid evaporate and escape into the air
Radiation The transfer of energy in the form of electromagnetic waves
Thermal conduction The direct transfer of thermal energy from one particle or object to another through contact or collision
Convection A process by which a warm fluid moves from place to place carrying thermal energy
What is the boiling point of water at sea level (Celsius) 100 degrees
What is the freezing point of water (Celsius) 0 degrees
What is absolute zero (Kelvin) 0K
What is the freezing point of water (Kelvin) 273.15K
What is the boiling point of water (Kelvin) 373.15K
What is comfortable room temperature (Kelvin) 298.15K
What is comfortable room temperature (Celsius) 25 degrees
What is the average human body temperature (Kelvin) 310.15K
What is the average human body temperature (Celsius) 37 degrees
What is absolute zero (Celsius) -273.15K
Created by: Bluebananafana