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taxonomy

vocab

QuestionAnswer
who was the first person to categorize things based on their characteristics. Aristotle was one of the first to group and categorize living things based on their characteristics.
who was the father of taxonomy? Carolus Linnaeus
what is taxonomy? a systematic process of classifying living organisms into different groups based on their physical traits and genetic relationships.
classification order from largest to smallest domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species dear king phillip came over for good soup
how is the scientific name written? The genus is always capitalized, the species is lowercase, and the whole name is written in italics.
what is a taxonomist? Scientists who study taxonomy and use the classification system to identify and name organisms
what are the 3 domains? Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
what does the bacteria domain consist of? it consists of unicellular prokaryotes. They lack a cell nucleus and membrane-bound organelles, but they are surrounded by a thick cell wall.
what dies the archae domain consist of? unicellular prokaryotes. They also have a cell wall, but it differs in composition from those of bacteria. Archaean cell walls lack the substance peptidoglycan found in bacteria. cell membranes also differ, containing unusual lipids
distinct feature of the archae domain? they are able to survive in some of the most extreme environments on Earth
what does the eukarya domain consist of? contains a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Most are multicellular
kingdoms of eukarya? Protista, Plantae, Fungi, and Animalia.
protistas are.... mainly unicellular, but many protists are classified in this kingdom just because they dont fit in any of the others
plants are euakrotes or prokaryotes? what is something speacial they can do? eukaryotes. they can photosynthesize. and are autotrophs.
fungi are ... multicullular, except for yeasts.
what id different about fungi? they grow long filaments called hyphae and they feed by releasing enzymes outside of their bodies. Once digested, the molecules of food are absorbed into the fungal body. Fungi break down dead, organic matter and return nutrients to the soil.
Animalia are ... multicullular heterotrphic, no cell wall,
what is a dichtomous key? a type of flow chart made up of questions or paired statements about an organism.
what is a cladogram? a branched diagram resembling a tree that shows the evolutionary relationship among organisms. shows how similarities are derived from common ancestry.
what are nodes? Places where a lineage branches off in a cladogram. fewer the number of nodes between organisms, the more closely they are related.
Created by: megv