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Taxonomy&Cladograms

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QuestionAnswer
What is binomial nomenclature? The system of naming organisms scientifically, developed by Carolus Linnaeus; consists of the genus and species name.
What is the highest level of taxonomic classification beneath that of the three domains? Kingdom.
What is phylum? The taxonomic level below kingdom and above class.
From highest to lowest, what is the rank of the taxonomic classification class? 3rd.
What level is below class and above family? Order.
What two levels are family between? Order (below) and genus (above).
What taxonomic classification is the first part of the binomial nomenclature? Genus.
What taxonomic classification is the second part of the binomial nomenclature? Species.
What is a cladogram? A branching diagram to show how closely organisms are related in evolution according to scientists hypothesis.
What is a tool used to classify organisms in a question and answer format? Dichotomous key.
What is ancestry? The successive lineage of parents and offspring.
What are cladistics? A classification system to look at common characteristics between organisms and their ancestors.
What do you call an organism that consists of only one cell? Unicellular.
What is an organism consisting of multiple cells? Multicellular.
What is a heterotroph? An organism that must consume other organisms for energy.
What is an autotroph? An organism that obtains energy from an abiotic source, such as the sun or inorganic compounds.
What is a chemotroph? An organism that has the ability to produce its nourishment by oxidizing inorganic compounds.
What type of cell has a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles? A eukaryotic cell.
What type of cell has neither a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles? A prokaryotic cell.
What is sexual reproduction? Reproduction involving two parent organisms joining DNA to produce offspring.
What is asexual reproduction? Reproduction involving one parent replicating its own DNA to produce a uniform offspring.
What is phylogeny? The evolutionary development of a species.
What is taxonomy? A systematic process of classifying living organisms into different groups based on physical traits and genetic relationships.
What are the levels of classification from highest to lowest? Domain, kingdom, order, class, family, genus, species.
What are the 3 domains? Bacteria, archaea, and eukarya.
How many kingdoms of eukaryotes are there? Four.
What is a node? The place where lineage notches off of a cladogram.
Created by: Doerre2004