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Taxonomy

species, kingdoms and genus´

QuestionAnswer
The system of naming organisms scientifically, developed by Carolus Linnaeus, consists of the genus and species names. Binomial Nomanclature
The highest level of taxonomic classification beneath that of the three domains. Kingdom
The taxonomic level below kingdom and above class. Phylum
The taxonomic level below phylum and above order. Class
The taxonomic level below class and above family. Order
The taxonomic level below order and above genus. Family
The taxonomic level below the family and above the species; the fist part of the bionomial noamanclature. Genus
The group of organisms that can interbreed to generate fertile offspring. Species
A branching system representing a hypothesis about the evolutionary descent of groups of organisms from a common ancestor. Cladogram
A tool used to calssify an organism through a series of questions with only two possible answers. Dichotomous Key
The lineage of successive parents and offspring that leads to an organism or species. Ancestry
A classification system based on shared characteristics between groups of organisms and their common ancestor. Cladistics
Composed of a single cell. Unicellular
Composed of more than one cell. Multicellular
An organism that must consume other organisms for energy. Heterotroph
An organism that obtains its energy from an abiotic source such as sunlight or inorganic compounds. Autotroph
An organism that produce its own nourishment through the process of oxidizing inorganic compounds. Chemotroph
Cell with a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Eukaryotic cell
Cell lacking a nucleus and any othe membrane- enclosed organelles. Prokaryotic cell
The reproductive process involving two parents whose genetic material is combined to produce a new organism different from themselves. Sexual Reproduction
A method of reproduction that requires only one parent and produces offspring identical to the parent. Asexual Reproduction
The evolutionary development of a species. Phylogeny
18th century scientist who focused his studies on plants. Also known as the ¨father of taxonomy. Carolus Linnaeus
Consists of unicellular proaryotes. Lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles along with a thick wall. Domain Bacteria
Unicellular prokaryotes, unlike bacteria, lack the substance peptidoglycan in their cell walls. Domain Archaea
Contains a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Both unicellular and multicellular and very diverse. Domain Eukarya
Protista, Plantae, Fungi and Animalia. Four Kingdoms of Eukaryotes
Many are unicellular with great diversity and contain little similarities with the other kingdoms under the Domain Eukaryotes. Protista
Multicellular with the ability to photosynthesize and conisdered autotrophs. Plantae
Most are multicellular but yeast is unicellular. Contains a cell wall made out of the substance chitin. Considered heterotrophs. Fungi
Most well known and diverse kingdom including humans. They are multicelluar, heterotrophs and lack a cell wall. Animalia
Created by: Doerreaf