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Pitch

HSC Pitch end of unit quiz

TermDefinition
PITCH refers to the relative highness and lowness of sounds
Tonality the way notes are arranged by a composer, usually based on a scale or mode
Tonal Centre the note or tone that the scale and the piece are based on
Diatonic refers to the major or minor scales used in the music.
Major tonality Tonality based on the major scale
Minor tonality Tonality based on the minor scale
Pentatonic Based on a five note scale
Modal tonality Based on scales called modes - originally from the medieval period
Chromatic scale Scale based entirely on semitones
microtone Interval that is smaller than a semitone
Whole tone scale Scale based on equal steps of whole tones
Atonal A piece with no tonal centre
World music Music outside of the western tradition
key The note that the scale is based upon
modulation A change in key in the middle of a piece of music
Melody A horizontal succession of pitches
Definite pitch A tuned and distinct sound
Indefinite pitch Untuned sound such as a speaking voice
Countermelody A melody heard at the same time as the main melody
Melodic movement refers to the pitch direction in a melody
steps Movement from one note to the note directly above or below it
leap Movement from one note to another further away
Melodic contour the shape of the melody in a piece of music
Register The general height of sound
Soprano Highest female voice type
Alto Lower female voice type
Tenor Higher male voice type
Bass Lower male voice type
range Relates to the extent of the notes used in a melody
ornamentation Extra notes added to the melody by the composer to decorate it or make it more interesting
Melodic ostinato A melodic repeated pattern
riff A melodic or harmonic repeated pattern found in jazz or rock music
Motif a melodic fragment that is heard throughout a piece of music and has the effect of unifying it
Sequence a pattern of notes repeated at a higher or lower pitch.
Repetition refers to a melody or melodies heard repeatedly
Melisma several, often ornamented notes sung to one syllable of text
Lick several, often ornamented notes sung to one syllable of text in rock or pop music
Harmony two or more pitches sounding together.
Parallel harmony Harmonising the melodic line
Block chords When all of the notes in the chord are played at once
Arpeggiated chords When the chord is slightly broken while being played at once - making them sound strummed
Broken chords When each note of the chord is played one at a time
Arpeggios When notes in a chord are played one after the other over an octave
Alberti bass When the notes in the chord are broken and played in this order: bottom, top, middle, top
Drone When an interval of a 5th is held under an extended melody
Harmonic rhythm How often the chords change
Harmonic ostinato Repeated chord pattern
Walking bass line When the bass line moves by step or small interval on each beat of the bar - walking to the beat of the music
chord Three or more pitches played at the same time
Chord progression The name of the pattern of chord changes
Tone cluster A chord that consists of only adjacent notes
cadence A two chord progression that acts like a punctuation point in the music
Perfect cadence V - I - sounding finished
Imperfect cadence I- V - sounding unfinished
Interrupted cadence V-vi - sounding like it is going to finish and then doesn’t
Plagal cadence IV-I - often used in “Amen”
Triad A three note chord in close position
Complex chord A chord with additional notes on top of the triad such as 7ths, 9ths
Modulation The change of the key in a piece of music
Consonant sound Pleasing to the ear
Dissonant sound Sounds like a clash
Created by: c.deAndrade