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Weather and Climate

How Do Earth’s Systems Produce Weather and Climate?

TermDefinition
air mass A large quantity of air that has similar temperature, moisture, and pressure all through it.
climate The general weather of a place over a long period of time, such as many years.
prevailing wind Wind that usually blows more often from one direction than from any other direction.
weather The condition of the atmosphere at a place for a short period of time, such as a few hours or days.
air pressure how much the air pushes on any surface
front the place where one air mass meets another air mass
fog small liquid water drops that lie close to the ground
Cirrus clouds feathery clouds that form high in the atmosphere and are made of ice crystals
Cumulus clouds fluffy and white with flat bottoms that form lower in the atmosphere than Cirrus clouds.
Stratus clouds flat, gray and layered. They are the lowest clouds in the sky and usually cover the whole sky.
Cumulonimbus clouds storm clouds that are dark and heavy and usually mean a strong storm is approaching.
Sun warms the land and oceans.
heat is transferred to the atmosphere and warms the air
moving air wind
ocean current ocean water that flows from one place to another, affecting the weather and climate of an area.
wind can carry clouds and air masses with them to affect the weather and climate of an area
rain liquid drops of that fall from clouds
drizzle small raindrops
snow frozen water that is made of ice crystals called snowflakes
sleet small drops of ice that are formed when falling snow melts and then freezes again
hail pellets or chunks of ice
atmosphere a mixture of gases and air that surround the earth.
hydrosphere includes all the water found on Earth
biosphere includes all living things found on Earth
geosphere is made up of a thin surface layer of rock, soil, and sediments and well as the layers of the Earth.
precipitation water that falls to the Earth's surface in the form of rain, snow, sleet, or hail
Created by: rothsteine