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Unit 5 Vocabulary

Arrest To seizure hold under the authority of law
Accused someone who is charged a crime without court of law
Appeal to as a higher court to review an earlier decision
Appellate the authority to hear an appeal of a decision by another court
Arraignment A hearing in which a suspect is charged with a crime and pleads guilty or not guilty
Bail Money paid to the court by an accused person to guarantee that he/she will appear for court
Circuit Court court of appeals in the federal court system
Civil Case cases dealing with disputes between individuals usually involving property or money
compensation something received as an equivalent for debt, loss, injury, or suffering
criminal law the group of laws that tell which acts are crimes, how the accused person should be tried in court, and how crimes should be punished
Defendant A person who is accused of a crime or being sued
District court the trial courts in the federal court system
Due Process a process by which the gov't must treat accused persons fairly according to rules established by law
Felony a serious crime such as robbery or murder
Indictment a formal charge issued by a grand jury that names the suspect and states the charges against the suspect
Judicial review the supreme courts power to overturn any law that it decides is in conflict with the constitution
Jurisdiction the right or authority to hear a case
Juvenile a person under the age of 18
Misdimeanor a relatively minor crime such as shoplifting
Plantiff a person or group that flies a lawsuit
Plea statement by the accused saying whether they are guilty or not guilty
Probable Cause a reasonable belief that a crime has been committed
Prosecution A gov't body that brings a charge against the criminal law
Verduct The decison of the judge or jury
Warrant a legal document issued by a court, giving police permission to make an arrest, a seizure, or a search
Created by: Shyhiem13


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