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5.1-5.3

chapter test

QuestionAnswer
reminders of the earth's crust deformations of its crust mountain ranges
deformation is bending, breaking, and cracking of the earth's crust
major cause of the eath's deformation plate tetonics
movement of the earth's lithospheric plates plate tetonics
crust floats on mantle, heavier crust is, deeper it strikes isostatic adjustment
______ and _____ forces balance and keeps the earth reletiveley flat crust; mantle
balancing of the crust and the mantle isostacy
up and down movements of the crust to reach isostacy isostatic adjustment
isostatic adjustments occur at mountain ranges
3 areas of isostatic adjustments: 1. Himilayas, Grand Tetons, Andes 2.where a river forms a delta 3. glaciers advance and retreat
stuff on the bottom of rivers sediments
a very thick accumulation of these river deposits geosyncline
force that applies pressure to the rocks and the crust stress
changes in the shape or volume or size of the rocks that occur due to stress and the result of stress strain
3 types of stress: compression, tension, and shearing
coastal rocks are squeezed together or pressed compression
pulls rocks apart tension
rocks pulling in opposite directions shearing
over extended something strain
feels like your head is pulling apart tension headache
geo earth
syn together
cline change in a trait
Niagra is formed by a glacier retreat
when Niagra was claimed a waterfall, how tall was it 11 meters
Niagra means loud water
when rock responds to stress when becoming permanently deformed without breaking folding
movement of rocks between plates fault
higth of Mt. Everest 5 miles or eight kilometers
mountain range Mt. Everest is apart of Himilayas
a group of adjacent mountains - same shape and structure mountain range
All mountains are apart of mountain range
Mt. St. Helens is apart of ___ Range Cascade
a group of adjacent mountain Ranges mountain system
Appalachian runs from Quebec and Alabama
name the mountain ranges in the Appalachian Cumberland, Green, Black, Blue Ridge, Great Smoky
highest peak of the Appalachian mountains Black Mountains in NC- Mount Mitchell
mountain systems make up 2 major belts: Circum- Pacific( around Ring of Fire)-Eurasian- Melonesian
circum around
oro mountain
orogeny history or formation of mountains
orology study of mountains
oldest mountain system in N. America Appalachian Mountains
Applachian Mountains were formed by three collisions oceanic-subduction-shearing
Pangea was formed 500 million years ago
Pangea drifted apart 250 million years ago
Cascade Mountains location Pacific NW - Juan de Fuca
name an island arc Figi Islands
4 types of mountains: 1. fault flock 2. volcanic 3. dome 4. folded
describe a folded mountain largest mountain ranges collide when continental commides with continental
give an example of a folded mountain Alps, Himilayas, Ural, Appalachian
describe a fault flock mountain formed when earth's crust is broken into large blocks: lifted above surrounding areas
give an example of a fault flock mountain Sierra- Nevada
describe a volcanic mountain subduction or hot spot
give an example of a volcanic mountain Cascade mountains or Mt. St. Helens
crack in the middle of a Pacific plate hot spot
describe a dome mountain mountain of molten rock pushing up - rock layers are above it like a bulge
give an example of of a dome mountain Black Hills of South Dakota-Adirondaks of New Mexico
2 famous regions of the Earth 1. Medditeranean 2. The Alps
the largest mountain range in Europe, France , Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Italy - formed in the collision of
higth of Mt. Everest 5 miles or eight kilometers
mountain range Mt. Everest is apart of Himilayas
a group of adjacent mountains - same shape and structure mountain range
All mountains are apart of mountain range
Mt. St. Helens is apart of ___ Range Cascade
a group of adjacent mountain Ranges mountain system
Appalachian runs from Quebec and Alabama
name the mountain ranges in the Appalachian Cumberland, Green, Black, Blue Ridge, Great Smoky
highest peak of the Appalachian mountains Black Mountains in NC- Mount Mitchell
mountain systems make up 2 major belts: Circum- Pacific( around Ring of Fire)-Eurasian- Melonesian
circum around
oro mountain
orogeny history or formation of mountains
orology study of mountains
oldest mountain system in N. America Appalachian Mountains
Applachian Mountains were formed by three collisions oceanic-subduction-shearing
Pangea was formed 500 million years ago
Pangea drifted apart 250 million years ago
Cascade Mountains location Pacific NW - Juan de Fuca
name an island arc Figi Islands
4 types of mountains: 1. fault flock 2. volcanic 3. dome 4. folded
describe a folded mountain largest mountain ranges collide when continental commides with continental
give an example of a folded mountain Alps, Himilayas, Ural, Appalachian
describe a fault flock mountain formed when earth's crust is broken into large blocks: lifted above surrounding areas
give an example of a fault flock mountain Sierra- Nevada
describe a volcanic mountain subduction or hot spot
give an example of a volcanic mountain Cascade mountains or Mt. St. Helens
crack in the middle of a Pacific plate hot spot
describe a dome mountain mountain of molten rock pushing up - rock layers are above it like a bulge
give an example of of a dome mountain Black Hills of South Dakota-Adirondaks of New Mexico
2 famous regions of the Earth 1. Medditeranean 2. The Alps
the largest mountain range in Europe, France , Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Italy - formed in the collision of The Alps; African- Eurasian
the edge of a plateau with a visible difference in height escarpement
plateau is called land table
name 4 plateaus Highlands,Cumberland,Colorado,Columbia
Colorado Plateau is adjacent to__ and covers Rocky Mountains;Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado
Columbia Plateau is adjacent to Cascades
Niagra Falls current measurements 183 ft. high
Created by: surfergurl