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End of unit quiz

TermDefinition
Beat the underlying pulse in music
Strong Beat gives music a drive and a clear sense of momentum
Weak Beat does not provide the music with as much drive as the definite or strong beat
Definite beat It is a strong beat that can be described according to where the definite beat falls in the bar
Indefinite beat is always considered a weak beat, although it can be heard in passages where there is free rhythm
Metre the grouping of beats in a piece of music
Duple metre Two beats
Triple metre Three beats
Quadruple metre Four beats
Time Signature the individual subdivision of beats per bar
Simple Duple Two beats divided in two
Compound Duple Two beats divided in three
Simple Triple Three beats divided in two
Compound Triple Three beats divided in three
Simple Quadruple Four beats divided in two
Compound Quadruple Four beats divided in three
Irregular time signature time signatures that differ from the standard ones with uneven top numbers
Mixed metre when the groupings of beats are irregular and uneven
Absence of metre Absence of beat and so no metre is evident
Rhythm the patterns of long and short sounds and silences in the music
Graphic notation Represents the music through shapes and symbols
semibreve 4 beats
minim 2 beats
crotchet 1 beat
quaver ½ beat
semiquaver ¼ beat
Rhythmic ostinato A constantly repeated musical phrase in the same instrument or voice
Repetition Reiteration of a pattern, either immediately after its first statement or throughout the piece of music, as a unifying feature
Syncopation An emphasis in the weak or off beats
Rhythmic motif A rhythmic fragment that is repeated in a piece of music either immediately or throughout the piece as a unifying feature
Imitation A pattern that is restated by the same or a different instrument as a unifying feature
Riff A repeated pattern, either melodic or chordal that is usually a few bars in length and usually associated with jazz or rock music
Accents Stresses placed on particular notes for expression
Anticipation Refers to a note that is played or sung before a strong beat anticipating the phrase
Hemiola A pattern of syncopated beats with two beats played in the time of three or three in the time of two
Polyrhythm Two or more independent rhythms played simultaneously in different parts
Cross rhythms Conflicting rhythmic patterns played simultaneously or conflicting metre
Diminution A pattern that is repeated with the notes half their previous duration
Augmentation A pattern that is repeated with the notes double their previous duration
Swing rhythm A feel or groove heard in jazz, especially in swing music based on two emphasised subdivision of the beat.
Rock beat Heard in rock and popular music in which the rock drum pattern is usually stressed (bass drum 1&3 - snare 2 & 4, hi-hat on quavers)
Tempo The speed at which a piece is performed
Created by: c.deAndrade