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Organelles

The organelles inside plant&animal cells

QuestionAnswer
Cell (plasma) Membrane Thin, two layered structure than surrounds the cell and consists mainly of lipids and some protiens, semipermiable
Cell (plasma) Membrane- found in Both plant and animal cells.
Cell Wall Structure compposed mainly of cellulose, gives the cell a rigid outer layer. Allows in water and other dissolved substances.
Cell Wall-found in Only plant cells!
Cytoplasm Jelly like liquid within the cell and holding all the organells in place.
Cytoplasm-found in Both plant and animal cells.
Nucleus Center of the cell, contains the cells DNA
Nucleus-found in Both plant and animal cells.
Chromosomes Contain the DNA and are found within the nucleus.
Nucleolus Smaller region within the nucleus where the ribosomes are produced.
Nuclear Envelope Bilayer membrane surrounding the nucleus and allowing materials in and out.
Mitochondria Powerhouse of the cell, turns food into ATP energy for the cell.
Mitochondria -found in Both plant and animal cells.
Ribosomes Helps make protiens, either free in the cell or attached to the ER
Ribosomes-found in Both plant and animal cells.
Endoplasmic Reticulum Transport system of the cell.
Endoplasmic Reticulum-found in Both plant and animal cells.
Rough ER Has ribosomes, helps produce and transport protiens.
Smooth ER Does not have ribosomes, helps tranpsort lipids
Golgi Body Takes protiens produced in teh ER and sends them out of the cell.
Golgi Body-found in Both plant and animal cells.
Chloroplasts Uses solar energy to produce glucose in a process known as photosynthesis. Contains a green pigment called cloropyll.
Chloroplasts-found in Only plant cells.
Lysosomes Contain digestive enzymes which help digest food materials and unneeded cell parts.
Lysosomes-found in Both plant and animal cells.
Centrioles Two cyllindrical shaped structures near the nucleus which help in division of cells.
Centrioles-found in Only animal cells.
Vacuole Stores water and other substances- the pressure helps keep plants standing up when they have heavy flowers or leavs.
Vacuole-found in Both plant and animal cells, although pland cells have a much larger one.
Vesacles Smaller parts off the golgi body.
Cytoskeleton Network of protien filiments in the cell
Microtubules Long, hollow cyllindrical structures composed of a protien called tubulin and serving as a skeleton for the cell to give it shape.
Mmicrofiliments Long, solid treadlike strands, composed mostly of a proties called actin and help with cyclosis, which is the movement of cytoplasm.
Cyclosis The movement of cytoplasm
Created by: Tamara C
 

 



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