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Energy; makes life functions.
Cellular respiration; process of producing ATP by breaking down carbon-based molecules when oxygen is present.
Mitochondria; been-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and its own ribosomes and DNA.
Glycolysis; anaerobic process in which glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate and two net ATP are produced.
Aerobic; process that requires oxygen to occur.
Anaerobic; process that doesn’t require oxygen to occur.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) able to store and transport chemical energy within cells.
Enzyme; protein that catalyzes chemical reactions for organisms.
Photosynthesis; process by which light energy is converted to chemical energy; produces sugar and oxygen from carbon dioxide and water.
Chloroplast; organelle composed of numerous membranes that are used to convert solar energy into chemical energy; contains chlorophyll.
Chlorophyll; light absorbing pigment molecule in photosynthetic organisms.
Xylem; tissue that transports water and dissolved minerals in vascular plants.
Glucose; a monosaccharide sugar that serves as the main source of energy and as an important metabolic substrate for most living things.
Stomata; tiny openings that allow plants to exchange gases necessary for cellular proceses.
Phloem; tissue that transports sugars in vascular plants.
Grana; stacks of structures called thylakoids, which are little disks of membrane on which the light (reactions of photosynthesis) takes place.
Palisade layer; layer of cells below the upper surface of most leaves, consisting of cylindrical cells that contain many chloroplasts and stand at right angles to the leaf surface.
Spongy layer loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis.
Guard cell; one of a pair of cells that controls the opening and closing of a stoma in a plant tissue.
Stroma; pores in the cuticle of a plant through which gas exchange occurs.
Created by: 1008562