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Cellular Respiration

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Aerobic Living or occurring only in the presence of oxygen e.g. aerobic bacteria. Involving or improving oxygen consumption by the body e.g. aerobic exercise.
Anaerobic Anaerobic means "living, active, occurring, or existing in the absence of free oxygen", as opposed to aerobic which means "living, active, or occurring only in the presence of oxygen.
ATP a phosphorylated nucleotide C10H16N5O13P3 composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups that supplies energy for many biochemical cellular processes by undergoing enzymatic hydrolysis especially to ADP. — called also adenosine triphosphate.
Cellular Respiration s a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
Fermentation is a metabolic process that produces chemical changes in organic substrates through the action of enzymes. In biochemistry, it is narrowly defined as the extraction of energy from carbohydrates in the absence of oxygen.
Glycolysis breaks down glucose and forms pyruvate with the production of two molecules of ATP. The pyruvate end product of glycolysis can be used in either anaerobic respiration if no oxygen is available or in aerobic respiration via the TCA cycle.
Mitochondria Mitochondria are unusual organelles. They act as the power plants of the cell, are surrounded by two membranes, and have their own genome.
Created by: Jose :v