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Pediatrics.

Peds test chapter 45 46

QuestionAnswer
What is an antigen? Foreign Substance triggers immune response.
What is an antibody? Protein made by body in response to antigen.
What is active immunity? Body makes antibodies without presence of disease.
What is passive immunity? Antibodies made by another human or animal and given to humans.
What is transplacental immunity? Immunity passed through the placenta to the child in the womb.
What is a nosocomial infection? Infection acquired in the health care setting.
Poliomyelitis? Polio virus.
How is polio transmitted? Fecal oral possibly respiratory.
Symptoms of polio? Mild or severe CNS symptoms. Respiratory weakness, paralysis.
Interventions in polio? Monitor respiratory status and comfort cares
How is varicella transmitted? Airborne or contact
S/S of varicella fever malaise headache abdominal pain. Clear fluid filled vesicles all over body
Tx of varicella Isolate and symptom management.
Measles Info Koplik spots on buccal mucosa. red blotchy maculopopular rash on trunk and limbs.
tx measles support, isolate, antipyretics, anti tussives,
Nursing interventions measles monitor resp status
Pathophysiology of a fever hypothalmus is the thermostat. Endogenous pyrogens stimulate the release of prostaglandins which start the fever response.
TX of fever Acetominophen or ibuprofen. Temps over 102 treated
What causes a fever? body's response to infection
Conjunctivitis info . what is it inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Conjunctivitis caused by ? Bacteria, allergy, trauma, irritants.
TX of conjunctivitis Bacterial gets antibiotics. Comfort measures and antihistamines in allergy
S/S conjunctivitis Itching burning discharge, crusty lids.
Otitis Media what is it Inflamed ear canal with or without infected mid ear.
What causes otitis media Eustachian tube dysfunction.
S/S otitis media ear pain, red tympanic membrane, mid ear effusion. TuGGING on ears common in kids.
TX of otitis media Antibiotics, tubes in ears
Conductive hearing loss. What is it Something in external auditory canal or tympanic membrane prevents sound from reaching mid ear
Visual acuity? is acuteness or clearness of vision, especially form vision, which is dependent on the sharpness of the retinal focus within the eye and the sensitivity of the interpretative faculty of the brain.[1]
Myringotomy? Surgery for otitis media. Small incision in eardrum to relieve pressure or drain fluid/pus.
Tympanogram is an examination used to test the condition of the middle ear and mobility of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) and the conduction bones by creating variations of air pressure in the ear canal.
Audiography Test to determine hearing ability. Tuning fork, audiograph used..
Created by: 780341728