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Biology Exam_2018

CLT: All living things are made of one or more _____. cells
CLT: All living things _____ and develop over time (even one-celled organisms). grow
CLT: Over time, all living things _____ to their environment so they don't go extinct--"changes in the body to fit a location". adapt
CLT: All living things _____ to their environment--a quick/sudden reaction to its surroundings. respond
CLT: All living species _____ so they don't become extinct--make more of their own kind/offspring. reproduce
CLT: All living things obtain/get and use _____ to carry out all the cell functions. energy
An organism with cell(s) that DO NOT contain a nucleus. (Examples: bacteria and archaebacteria; rhyme with "NO") prokaryote
An organism with cell(s) that DO contain a nucleus. (Examples: protists, fungi, plants, animals; rhyme with "DO") eukaryote
CELL THEORY: All living things are made of one or more _____. cells
CELL THEORY: The _____ is the basic unit of structure and function in living things. cell
CELL THEORY: All cells come from other living _____. cells
This cell organelle breaks down sugar to release energy (the "mighty powerhouse" of the cell). mitochondria
This organelle makes proteins (builds molecules from atoms according to the DNA instructions). ribosome
This organelle packages the proteins. Golgi
This organelle transports proteins and other materials around the cell. ER
This organelle breaks down wastes and old cell parts. lysosome
This organelle stores materials inside the cell. vacuole
Found in plant NOT animal cells: Photosynthesis occurs in this organelle. chloroplast
Found in plant NOT animal cells: Additional layer outside the cell membrane that gives shape and support is the cell_____. wall
Semi-permeable means only certain particles call pass across a cell membrane (based on _____). size
TRUE or FALSE: Diffusion is the movement of particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. TRUE
The most common stage of the cell cycle--the "resting" stage when the cell is carrying out its normal functions. interphase
Complex animals such as humans have which type of symmetry? bilateral
CTOOSO: A group of similar cells that perform the same function is called a _____. tissue
CTOOSO: Different types of tissue working together to perform a specific job is called an _____. organ
TRUE or FALSE: In multicellular organisms, cell are specialized--shaped differently to perform specific jobs. (CTOOSO) TRUE
TRUE or FALSE: Plants do not have specialized cells, tissues, nor organs. FALSE
POSITION VOCAB: This term means "back". dorsal
POSITION VOCAB: This term means "belly". ventral
POSITION VOCAB: This term means "toward the bottom/hind". posterior
POSITION VOCAB: This term means "head". cranial
POSITION VOCAB: This term means "far" from the main body. distal
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