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Plant Processes

SOL 7.5

Photosynthesis the complex process by which carbon dioxide, water, and certain inorganic salts are converted into carbohydrates by green plants, algae, and certain bacteria, using energy from the sun and chlorophyll.
Respiration the sum total of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which oxygen is conveyed to tissues and cells, and the oxidation products, carbon dioxide and water, are given off. an analogous chemical process, as in muscle cells or in anaerobic b
Stomata plural form of stoma.
Guard cells either of two specialized epidermal cells that flank the pore of a stoma and usually cause it to open and close.
chlorophyll the green coloring matter of leaves and plants, essential to the production of carbohydrates by photosynthesis, and occurring in a bluish-black form,
Chloroplast a plastid containing chloroph
Light dependent reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments (such as chlorophyll) to be converted into chemical energy
Light independent reaction chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
Energy pyramid An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a community.
Producer n autotrophic organism capable of producing complex organic compounds from simple inorganic molecules through the process of photosynthesis (using light energy) or through chemosynthesis (using chemical energy) Supplement. Producers are in the first troph
mitochondrion an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy production.
autotrophs An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy.
consumers an organism, usually an animal, that feeds on plants or other animals.
Herbivore a herbivorous animal.
Omnivores an omnivorous animal.
Heterotrophs An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter.
Carnivores An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter.
Decomposers organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms, and in doing so, they carry out the natural process of decomposition.
Spongy layer a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis -- called also spongy parenchyma, spongy tissue.
Palisade a layer of columnar cells rich in chloroplasts found beneath the upper epidermis of foliage leaves.
Raw materials materials or substances used in the primary production or manufacturing of goods.
oxygen A colorless, tasteless, oderless, gaseous element that abounds in the atmosphere.
Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas found in our atmosphere.
Glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body's cells.
Products a cellular product is something "manufactured" by an organelle
Created by: Nyla.aigner
 

 



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