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Nutrition

Science Vocab Unit 3

TermDefinition
Nutrition The process of taking food into the body and absorbing the nutrients for health and growth.
Nutrients A substance that provides nourishment essential for growth and the maintenance of life.
Carbohydrates Organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues such as sugars, starches and cellulose. They can be broken down to release energy in the animal body.
Protein A substance made of chains of amino acids found in food and drink such as meat, eggs and milk. Essential for human/animal diets and are found in cells. Make up the basic components of body tissues like hair, muscles and skin.
Fat A natural oily or greasy substance occurring in animal bodies as a layer under the skin used for energy storage and warmth.
Vitamins Organic compounds that are essential for normal body growth and nutrition in small quantities because they cannot be synthesized by the body.
Minerals An inorganic substance needed by the human body for proper growth and good health such as iron, calcium or potassium.
Balance A condition in which different elements are equal or in the correct proportions.
Variety The quality or state of being different or diverse.
Moderation The avoidance of excess or extremes. Within reasonable limits.