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plant process def.

sol7.5

TermDefinition
photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water.
respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
stomata allow plants to exchange gases necessary for cellular processes, such as photosynthesis
guard cells One of the paired cells in the epidermis of a plant that control the opening and closing of a stoma of a leaf.
chlorophyll The green pigment found in the chloroplasts
chloroplast Chloroplast is the combination of two biological terms, plastid (an organelle in a plant cell), and chloros, which means green.
light dependent reaction The series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments
light independent react Reaction that does not require light
energy pyramid a graphical model of energy flow in a community.
producer organisms that make their own food; they are also known as autotrophs.
mitochondrion Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell.
auto trophs An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy.
consumers An organism that generally obtains food by feeding on other organisms or organic matter due to lack of the ability to manufacture own food from inorganic sources
herbivore a kind of animal that eats only plants
omnivores a kind of animal that eats both plants and animals
hetreotrophs An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances,
carnivores a kind of animal that eats only other animals
decomposers organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms
sponge layer a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis
palisade layer a layer of columnar cells rich in chloroplasts found beneath the upper epidermis of foliage leaves.
raw materials are materials or substances used in the primary production or manufacturing of goods.
oxygen A colorless, tasteless, oderless, gaseous element that abounds in the atmosphere.
carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas found in our atmosphere.
glucose Glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body's cells.
products a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction; "a product of lime and nitric acid
Created by: Morgan.Emanueli