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plant processes

sol 7.5

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.
Respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
Stomata an artificial opening made into a hollow organ, especially one on the surface of the body leading to the gut or trachea.
Guard cells each of a pair of curved cells that surround a stoma, becoming larger or smaller according to the pressure within the cells.
Chlorophyll a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobacteria, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis. Its molecule contains a magnesium atom held in a porphyrin ring
Chloroplast (in green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place.
Light dependent reaction the series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments
Light independent reaction are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose.
Energy pyramid bring energy from nonliving sources into the community
Producer Producers are any kind of green plant.
Mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers (cristae).
Autotrophs an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.
Consumers have to feed on producers or other consumers to survive.
Herbivore an animal that feeds on plants.
Omnivores an animal or person that eats food of both plant and animal origin.
Heterotrophs an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances.
Carnivores an animal that feeds on flesh
Decomposers a device or installation that is used to break down a chemical substance.
Spongy layer The spongy layer of the leaf stores sugars, amino acids, and gases and doesn't have nearly as many chloroplasts
Palisade layer of columnar cells rich in chloroplasts found beneath the upper epidermis of foliage leaves
Raw materials are materials or substances used in the primary production or manufacturing of goods
Oxygen It is capable of combining with all elements, with the exception of fluorine, to form oxides, bases, oxyacid anhydrides,
Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas found in our atmosphere.
Glucose is the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body's cells. Glucose comes from the foods we eat or the body can make it from other substances. Glucose is carried to the cells through the bloodstream.
products a cellular product is something "manufactured" by an organelle