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Circulatory systems


What is blood? A fluid.
What are the blood types? A-, A+, B-, B+, AB-, AB+, O-, O+
If the blood type is positive that means it includes an antigen that the negatives don’t have. What is that antigen? Rh.
What is an antigen? A protein found on the surface of your Red Blood Cells.
What blood type is the universal donor? O- because there are no antigens on it.
What are the elements of blood? Plasma (~55%), RBCs (~41%), WBCs (~4%), Platelets (0.01%)
What do you use to separate blood? A centrifuge.
What is the function of plasma? Transports nutrients to cells, transports waste products to excretory organs, transports hormones, antibodies and proteins.
What is the function of RBCs? Transport oxygen with the help of a protein called hemoglobin, transports carbon dioxide.
What is the function of WBCs? Defend against disease.
What is the function of platelets. Help in blood clotting process.
Which blood type is the universal recipient? AB+ because there are no antibodies in its plasma.
What are the main components of plasma? Water, nutrients, waste, antibodies, hormones.
What is the function of interstitial fluid? Carries white blood cells, carries dissolved substances (nutrients, gases, hormones, wastes) between cells and plasma.
What are the main components of interstitial fluid? Water, dissolved substances, white blood cells.
A person with type B- blood needs a transfusion. What blood types can they receive from? B-, O-
What happens during agglutination? Recipients antibodies attack donor's antigen.
A person with type A- needs a transfusion. Her brother, desperate to help her gets his blood tested, he is AB+. Can she receive blood from her brother? No because her antibodies (anti-B and anti-Rh) will attack her brother's RBCs.
How does a vaccine protect against unwanted diseases? It injects a dead virus so that your WBCs can kill it and become familiar with it so that way they know there is an unwanted virus.
What is an artery? Thick walled blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body.
What are antibodies? A protein found in the plasma that protects from foreign antigens.
What is a capillary? Thin-walled blood vessels that allowed for exchanges between the blood and the organ cells.
What is a vein? Blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart.
What is a valve? Keeps blood from flowing downwards.
Created by: cwallis01