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Plant

SOL7.5

TermDefinition
photosynthesis : the process by which a green plant turns water and carbon dioxide into food when the plant is exposed to light
respiration : the act or process of breathing
Stomata any of the minute pores in the epidermis of the leaf or stem of a plant, forming a slit of variable width that allows movement of gases in and out of the intercellular spaces.
gaurd cells either of two specialized epidermal cells that flank the pore of a stoma and usually cause it to open and close.
chlorophyll the green substance in plants that makes it possible for them to make food from carbon dioxide and water
chloroplast a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place
light dependent reaction he series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that require light energy that is captured by light-absorbing pigments (such as chlorophyll) to be converted into chemical energy
light independent react he series of biochemical reactions in photosynthesis that do not require light to proceed, and ultimately produce organic molecules from carbon dioxide.
energy pyramid An energy pyramid is a graphical model of energy flow in a community. The different levels represent different groups of organisms that might compose a food chain. From the bottom-up, they are as follows: Producers — bringing energy
producer a person who produces
mitochondria an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy production.
autotrophs any organism capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic materials as a source of nutrients and using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis as a source of energy, as most plants and certain bacteria and protists.
consumers a person or thing that consumes.
herbivore a herbivorous animal.
omnivores someone or something that is omnivorous.
heterotrophs an organism requiring organic compounds for its principal source of food.
carnivores an animal that eats flesh.
decomposers a person or thing that decomposes.
spongy layers a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis -
palisade layer a layer of parallel elongated cells below the epidermis of a leaf.
raw meterials the basic material from which a product is made.
oxygen a colorless, odorless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air.
carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration. It is naturally present in air (about 0.03 percent) and is absorbed by plants in photosynthesis.
glucose a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates.
products an article or substance that is manufactured or refined for sale.
Created by: lindsay.orozco
 

 



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