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plant processes

7.5

TermDefinition
photosynthesis the process by which green plants and some other organisms use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis in plants generally involves the green pigment chlorophyll and generates oxygen as a byproduct.
respiration a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide from the oxidation of complex organic substances.
stoma any of the minute pores in the epidermis of the leaf or stem of a plant, forming a slit of variable width that allows movement of gases in and out of the intercellular spaces.
guard cell each of a pair of curved cells that surround a stoma, becoming larger or smaller according to the pressure within the cells.
chlorophyll a green pigment, present in all green plants and in cyanobacteria, responsible for the absorption of light to provide energy for photosynthesis. Its molecule contains a magnesium atom held in a porphyrin ring.
chloroplast (in green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place
light dependent reaction The light-dependent reactions use light energy to make two molecules needed for the next stage of photosynthesis: the energy storage molecule ATP and the reduced electron carrier NADPH. In plants, the light reactions take place in the thylakoid membranes
light independent The light-independent reactions, or dark reactions, of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and other compounds into glucose. These reactions occur in the stroma, the fluid-filled area of a chloroplast outside the thylakoid me
energy pyramid DescriptionAn ecological pyramid is a graphical representation designed to show the biomass or bio productivity at each trophic level in a given ecosystem. Biomass pyramids show how much biomass is present in the organisms at each trophic level, while p
producer a person responsible for the financial and managerial aspects of making of a movie or broadcast or for staging a play, opera, etc.
mitochondria an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has a double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers (cristae).
autotrouph an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.
consumer a person who purchases goods and services for personal use.
herbivore an animal that feeds on plants.
omnivore an animal or person that eats food of both plant and animal origin.
heterotroph an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances.
carnivore an animal that feeds on flesh.
decompose an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material. a device or installation that is used to break down a chemical substance.
spongy layer a layer of loosely packed and irregularly shaped chlorophyll-bearing cells that fills the part of a leaf between the palisade layer and the lower epidermis -- called also spongy parenchyma, spongy tissue.
palisade layer a layer of parallel elongated cells below the epidermis of a leaf.
raw materials the basic material from which a product is made.
oxegen a colorless, odorless reactive gas, the chemical element of atomic number 8 and the life-supporting component of the air. Oxygen forms about 20 percent of the earth's atmosphere, and is the most abundant element in the earth's crust, mainly in the form of
carbon dioxide a colorless, odorless gas produced by burning carbon and organic compounds and by respiration. It is naturally present in air (about 0.03 percent) and is absorbed by plants in photosynthesis.
glucose Glucose comes from the Greek word for "sweet." It's a type of sugar you get from foods you eat, and your body uses it for energy. As it travels through your bloodstream to your cells, it's called blood glucose or blood sugar. Insulin is a hormone that m
product whats made.
Created by: jose.saucedo